Pelvic pain is pain in the lowest part of your abdomen and pelvis. In women, pelvic pain may refer to symptoms arising from the reproductive or urinary systems or from musculoskeletal sources.
Pelvic pain arising from the female reproductive system may be caused by conditions such as:
- Menstrual cramps
- Ectopic pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions)
- Ovulation pain
- Ovarian cysts
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- Uterine fibroids
- Vulvodynia (a chronic pain condition that affects a woman’s outer genitals, including the vulva)
Other causes include conditions from the gastrointestinal tract, urinary systems or musculoskeletal sources.
To confirm the diagnosis, a detailed history and physical examination are necessary. If necessary, blood tests, urine sample and swabs from the genital tracts may be taken for further investigations. Pelvic ultrasound scan is a non-invasive investigation to look for any pelvic pathology.
Your doctor will discuss with you about the plan of management accordingly after a diagnosis confirmed.